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This is a descriptive term for inflammation in the stomach, it is sometimes associated with gastric ulceration. Inflammation may be due to loss of the mucosal barrier or to exposure of the gastric lining to noxious chemicals such as alcohol or Non-steroidals which damage the normal protective barrier from gastric contents. Treatment depends upon avoidance of precipitating factors and eradication of underlying causes such as H.pylori.

Commonly mild gastritis is entirely asymptomatic. More severe gastritis may present with epigastric pain, haematemesis or unusually melaena. Early satiety and bloating, perhaps due to ensuing dysmotility are also an occasional feature.

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